The early history of the longitude problem is discussed in our article Longitude and the Académie Royale. The present article discusses the attack on the longitude problem in England which began around the middle of the 17th century.

Groups of scientists began meeting in London and Oxford from 1645 and certainly the longitude problem was one of the main problems which they discussed. A poem written in 1661 described the work going on at Gresham College (see [6]):-

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Author:: J J O'Connor and E F Robertson